Resiliency and redundancy - Each element in a permaculture design supports many different functions, just like the forest. In the forest, everything has its duty. The birds are the planters. Fertile forests that are a billion years old are so complex that they are highly adaptable and productive. Permaculture is reliable. It is not stable like concrete or roads, there are hundreds of constant adjustments that need to be made like when you ride a bike. It is not like a machine.
Teaching and learning - permaculture offers tools to show people they already have the resources - reskilling. You just have to put things in the right places and understand relationships already present in nature.
Modern agriculture - produces money not food = agribusiness. Yet Commercially available food would be 95% cheaper if the food was grown locally (New York City as an example). 13% of food is lost in the distribution process.
Since the 1940s:
- 70% of the topsoil has been destroyed
- 40% of water has been contaminated
Some Quotes from Bill (not verbatim):
- “It is mind boggling why a society with all these schools fall into holes of its own making. If we lose the forest, we lose our instructors. If we lose all the universities we lose nothing. If we lose the forest we lose everything. Something needs to happen before our window into the world closes.”
- “We need to take our place, a small place, in the real system of earth. This movement should not be peripheral. Permaculture has to be mainstream now.”